Dynamics of Economic Integration in Asia Pacific: From Multilateralism to Regionalism to Bilateralism


  • Sanjay Kumar Mangla Entrepreneurship Development Institute of India, India
  • Richa Gupta International Management Institute, India
  • Nikita Jain Maharaja Agrasen Institute of India, India
  • Tisha Gupta Maharaja Agrasen Institute of India, India
  • Sakshi Vashisht Maharaja Agrasen Institute of India, India
  • Sumedha Ponnamperuma GD Goenka University, Gurugram, India
  • Sonal Katyal Rushford Business School, Switzerland


Economic integration, Free Trade Agreements (FTAs), Regional Trade Agreements (RTAs), Asia – Pacific region (APAC), Export volumes


With its dynamic economy and rich cultural variety, the Asia Pacific area is fast expanding in importance and is poised to play a key and essential role in the globe as the twenty-first century unfolds. The region's ability and desire to cooperate with one another across a wide variety of activities will be a significant component in its success. In terms of regional economic integration, the Asia-Pacific area has been a late starter. In comparison to North America and Western Europe, Asia's regional economic integration is still in its infancy. Accordingly, this paper explore that how economic integration has shaped the Asia – Pacific region in last 50-60 years by studying the effects of various regional trade agreements on the export volumes of the significant countries of this region. Further, the comparative analysis is undertaken in terms of various clauses or provisions among major regional and bilateral groups of Asia – Pacific. Additionally, the paper will analyze the emerging dynamics of this region focusing on the role played by small Pacific Islands and India in development of this region. Finally, we conclude that increasing regional and bilateral trade agreements among Asia Pacific countries are shaping the current scenario of economic integration in this region and also leading to increasing the share of exports volumes among themselves, resulting in economic growth worldwide.




How to Cite

Mangla, S. K. ., Gupta, R. ., Jain, N., Gupta, T., Vashisht, S. ., Ponnamperuma, S. ., & Katyal, S. . (2022). Dynamics of Economic Integration in Asia Pacific: From Multilateralism to Regionalism to Bilateralism. Thammasat Review, 25(2), 64–129. Retrieved from https://sc01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/tureview/article/view/240333