Saviors or Spoilers? Explaining “Civil Society Coups” among Democratizing Regimes
Mainstream literature on civil society has emphasized its positive impact on democratization. However, some democratizing regimes have experienced civil society mobilization that resulted to the ouster of elected leaders. These “civil society coups” cast doubt on their status as unconditional defenders of democracy. This outcome is due to a conjunction of several conditions such as: anti-systemic leadership, failure of democratic accountability institutions, and a moderating form of military intervention. A comparative analysis of the Philippines, Venezuela, and Thailand is undertaken to test this argument. It concludes that civil society actions could generate unintended consequences detrimental to democratization.
Keywords: democratization; civil society, coups d’état, Southeast Asia
How to Cite
The opinions and ideas expressed in all submissions published in Thammasat Review are solely that of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect that of the editors or the editorial board.
The copyright of all articles including all written content and illustrations belong to Thammasat Review. Any individuals or organisation wishing to publish, reproduce and distribute a particular manuscript must seek permission from the journal first.