Main Article Content
Ukraine is trying to become a full member of the EU. In 2022, it received the status of a candidate for joining the EU. Ukraine's foreign trade with EU countries takes a significant share in its total foreign trade: in 2021, exports of goods from Ukraine to EU amounted to USD 26,792,969.3 thsd. or 39.36% of the total export of Ukrainian goods; the import of goods from the EU to Ukraine amounted to USD 28,954,281.2 thsd. or 39.75% of the total amount of goods imported to Ukraine. However, the war in Ukraine made adjustments to trade in goods between Ukraine and the EU. The purpose of the article is to analyze the value indicators of Ukraine's foreign trade in goods with EU in 2021 and to determine the impact of the war on Ukraine's export and import operations with the EU in 2022. At the first stage of the study, an ABC analysis of EU countries was carried out separately according to the indicators of export of goods from Ukraine and import of goods to Ukraine. At the second stage of the study, a structural analysis of export/import indicators was carried out for those eight countries that in both cases fell into group A (Poland, Italy, Germany, the Netherlands, Spain, Hungary, the Czech Republic, Slovakia) in order to determine the goods with the largest export/import potential in 2021. At the third stage of the study, the indicators of export/import of goods between Ukraine and the EU for 2022 were analyzed.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Blikhar, M. M. (2009). Suchasnyi stan i perspektyvy zovnishnoi torhivli Ukrainy z krainamy Tsentralnoi ta Skhidnoi Yevropy (Current state and prospects of Ukraine’s foreign trade with the countries of Central and Eastern Europe). Ekonomika ta Derzhava, 10, 13-16. (In Ukrainian).
Didkovska, B. V. (2013). Zovnishnia torhivlia tovaramy Ukrainy z krainamy Zakhidnoi Yevropy (Foreign trade of Ukraine with West-European countries). Biznes Inform, 4, 62-67. (In Ukrainian).
Kastakova, E., & Bebiakova, D. (2016). Evaluation of the current foreign trade relations between Slovakia and Ukraine affected by the global changes in the world economy. Studia Commercialia Bratislavensia, 9(34), 143-153. https://doi.org./10.1515/stcb-2016-0014
Koliadenko, S., Andreichenko, A., Galperina, L., Minenko, S., & Kovylina, M. (2020). Analysis and forecasting of Ukrainian agrarian exports to the EU countries. Agricultural and Resource Economics-International Scientific E-Journal, 6(3), 29-47. https://doi.org./10.51599/are.2020.06.03.02
Korovaichenko, N. Yu., & Shevchenko, L. V. (2015). Vplyv vnutrishnikh ta zovnishnikh shokiv na rozvytok torhivli Ukrainy z FRN (The Influence of internal and external shocks on the trade between Ukraine and FRG). Zovnishnia torhivlia: ekonomika, finansy, pravo, 3, 81-89. (In Ukrainian).
Lazhnik, V., Maister, A., & Puhach, S. (2019). Spatial differentiations of trade links between Ukraine and Czechia. AUC Geographica, 54(1), 37-47. https://doi.org./10.14712/23361980.2019.4
Lazhnik, V., Puhach, S., & Maister, A. (2020). Regional differentiation of commodity trade of Ukraine with Poland. Geographia Polonica, 93(3), 421-442. https://doi.org./10.7163/GPol.0181
Lyskova, L. M. (2017). The effects of the increase in trade cooperation between Ukraine and EU in agricultural sector: Empirical evaluation. Scientific Bulletin of Polissia, 1(3), 83-91.
Malyarets, L. M., Otenko, V. I., Otenko, I. P., & Fatyanov, D. (2022). Monitoring the development of the export and import potential of the regions. Montenegrin Journal of Economics, 18(2), 39-50. https://doi.org./10.14254/1800-5845/2022.18-2.4
Matyushenko, I., Hlibko, S., Prokopenko, O., Ryeznikov, V., & Khanova, O. (2021). Assessment of innovation cooperation of Ukraine and Scandinavian countries in terms of the new industrial revolution. Estudios de Economia Aplicada, 39(6): Special Issue: Innovative Development and Economic Growth in the CIS Countries. https://doi.org./10.25115/eea.v39i6.5306
Moroz, S., Nagyova, L., Bilan, Y., Horska, E., & Polakova, Z. (2017a). The current state and prospects of trade relations between Ukraine and the European Union: the Visegrad vector. Economic Annals-XXI, 163(1-2), 14-21.
Moroz, S., Pirmatov, K., Horska, E., Nagyova, L., & Polakova, Z. (2017b). The effect of selected economic indicators on export of goods of regions of Ukraine. Montenegrin Journal of Economics, 13(2), 141-150. https://doi.org./10.14254/1800-5845/2017.13-2.9
Motoryn, R., Prykhodko, K., & Slusarczyk, B. (2020). Asymmetry of foreign trade turnover between Ukraine and Poland. Statistics in Transition, 21(2), 143-156. https://doi.org./10.21307/stattrans-2020-017
Nagyova, L., Horakova, M., Moroz, S., Horska, E., & Polakova, Z. (2018). The analysis of export trade between Ukraine and Visegrad countries. E & M Ekonomie a Management, 21(2), 115-132. https://doi.org./10.15240/tul/001/2018-2-008
Pidhirna, V. N. (2011). Rozshyrennia rivnia vidkrytosti natsionalnykh ekonomik Ukrainy ta Rumunii dlia zovnishnoi torhivli ta investytsii (Expanding the level of openness of the national economies of Ukraine and Romania for foreign trade and investment). Visnyk Kharkivskoho natsionalnoho universytetu imeni V. N. Karazina. Seriia “Ekonomichna”, 970, 300-304. (In Ukrainian).
Polkovnychenko, S. O., & Nahornyi, P. V. (2018). Zovnishnia torhivlia Ukrainy z Yevrosoiuzom u konteksti realizatsii natsionalnykh interesiv (Foreign trade of Ukraine with the European Union in the context of realization of national interests). Derzhava ta rehiony. Seriia: Ekonomika ta pidpryiemnytstvo, 4, 20-27. (In Ukrainian).
State Statistics Service of Ukraine. (2022a). Krainy za tovarnoiu strukturoiu zovnishnoi torhivli Ukrainy za sichen-hruden 2021 roku (Countries by commodity structure of Ukraine’s foreign trade for January-December 2021). Kyiv: State Statistics Service of Ukraine. http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua (In Ukrainian).
State Statistics Service of Ukraine. (2022b). Ukraine’s Foreign Trade in Goods with EU, 2021. Kyiv: State Statistics Service of Ukraine. http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua
Totska, O. (2022a). Forecast modeling of foreign trade in agricultural complex products between Ukraine and Romania. Scientific Papers. Series “Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development”, 22(3), 777–782.
Totska, O. (2022b). Forecasting the value of the export of Ukrainian agricultural products based on fuzzy sets. Scientific Papers. Series “Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development”, 22(4), 751-760.
Totska, O. (2022c). The value dimension of Ukrainian exports of grain crops, fats and oils to European Union countries. Scientific Papers. Series “Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development”, 22(3), 767–770.
Totska, O. (2022d). Ukraine and Romania: financial aspects of trade in agricultural products. Scientific Papers. Series “Management, Economic Engineering in Agriculture and Rural Development”, 22(3), 771–776.
Tsygankova, T., Obolenska, T., Yatsenko, O., Lyskova, L., & Sovenko, O. (2020). Priority formats of trade integration of countries. Financial and Credit Activity-Problems of Theory and Practice, 3(34), 460-469.
Vasylieva, N. (2021). Food security in times of Covid-19: Price aspects in Ukraine and neighboring EU countries. Montenegrin Journal of Economics, 17(3), 21-30. https://doi.org./10.14254/1800-5845/2021.17-3.2
Vošta, M., Musiyenko, S., & Abrhám, J. (2016). Ukraine-EU Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area as part of Eastern Partnership initiative. Journal of International Studies, 9(3), 21-35. https://doi.org./10.14254/2071-8330.2016/9-3/2
Yatsenko, O., Reznikova, N., Karasova, N., Musiiets, T., Lavrinenko, O., & Nitsenko, V. (2020). Modernization of the format of Ukraine’s trade integration with the EU in the conditions of implementation of the DCFTA. Problemy Zarzadzania-Management Issues, 18(4), 101-124. https://doi.org./10.7172/1644-9584.90.6