Bibliometric and Critical Review of the Empirical Research on Political Deception


  • Firmansyah Firmansyah Department of Administrative Science, Universitas Mbojo Bima, Indonesia
  • Rahmad Hidayat Department of Administrative Science, Universitas Mbojo Bima, Indonesia


Antecedents, Deception, Honesty, Politics, Streams


This article analyzes various perspectives on the issue of political deception to provide a comprehensive picture of how it works and affects society. It draws from 34 empirical studies conducted between 2000 and 2023, available in the Scopus electronic database. The results of all empirical studies show that political deception has common patterns, rhetorical tactics, social media effects, and psychological aspects. We found that the most popular research streams are the historical context of political deception; lying in political communication; the effects of lies on political processes; social and psychological aspects of deception; media and communication channels; voter behavior, public perception and decision-making, and deception detection; theoretical approaches; and concerns about transparency and reputation. These research streams, or cross-cutting themes, reflect the complex dimensions of political deception and provide an in-depth look into its practice and impact in a democratic context. All prior empirical studies delineate applying a multilevel analysis approach that opens up horizons of understanding, involving studies at the individual, group, and societal levels in examining various aspects of politicians' behavior. The results of those multilevel analyses cover psychological influences, political and cultural contexts, media and technology, political demands, voter behavior dynamics, long-term trends, and ethical implications and responsibilities. In summary, these 34 empirical studies contribute significantly to addressing the challenges of political deception in contemporary democracy and modern society.


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How to Cite

Firmansyah, F., & Hidayat, R. (2024). Bibliometric and Critical Review of the Empirical Research on Political Deception. Thammasat Review, 27(1), 1–26. Retrieved from