Generative Artificial Intelligence and Its Military Application

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Kanok Bunnag


This article is intended to 1) explore the development and application of Generative Artificial Intelligence (Generative AI) in military contexts; 2) analyze trends in the military application of Generative AI from 2024 to 2030; and 3) synthesize approaches for enhancing Thailand's military capabilities using Generative AI. The research indicates that the initial focus of Generative AI application in military operations primarily centered on supporting commanders' decision-making processes. However, as the capabilities of Generative AI have expanded, its application in military contexts is expected to broaden in tactical, operational, and strategic levels.

The trends in military applications of Generative AI between 2024 and 2030 can be categorized into three main groups: command and control, combat and warfare, and warfare support applications. When considering the linkage to levels of warfare, the majority of applications are expected to be at the tactical level, with operational level applications encompassing decision-making in command and control, warfare in the digital domain, psychological operations, and support for warfare. Strategic level applications are anticipated to involve decision-making processes and operations affecting the morale, spirit, and strength of the populace, which are critical components of warfare.

Generative AI is a disruptive technology that can enhance efficiency and provide a competitive advantage in military operations. This analysis thus recommends four main strategies for developing Thailand's military capabilities using Generative AI: 1) establishing infrastructure to support technology; 2) creating or improving large language models for military use; 3) defining operational guidelines; and 4) initiating applications in planned development projects by the Ministry of Defence and the Thai Armed Forces to further enhance operational performance and military capabilities in the future.


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How to Cite
K. Bunnag, “Generative Artificial Intelligence and Its Military Application”, Def. Technol. Acad. J., vol. 6, no. 13, pp. 28–41, May 2024.
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